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中国日报:丹心铸魂——杰出雕塑家吴为山的作品正在展出

来源:中国美术馆 时间:2019.06.05

  

  转载自《中国日报》2019年5月30日第19版。“丹心铸魂——杰出雕塑家吴为山的作品正在展出,林琦报道”全文翻译如下:


  现年57岁的中国美术馆馆长吴为山是一名杰出的雕塑家,过去30多年来,他以中国人心目中最伟大的人物为创作对象,不断进行雕塑创作,以此描摹社会的灵魂。

  他采取的“写意雕塑”方式根植于中国美学,获得了突出的成就。他的作品,无论是传达庄严之美,还是传递日常生活之乐趣,都在主题形象与精神的相似性上取得了巧妙的平衡,令国内外观众为之倾倒。

  吴为山创作过大约500件人物作品,其中不少展现于世界各地的重要场所,比如博物馆、院校、城市公园、广场等。现在,游客可前往中国国家博物馆一层欣赏吴为山的179件雕塑作品,深入了解这位雕塑家的创作生涯,探访他的内心世界。

  本次展览名为《丹心铸魂》,展期至6月底,体现出雕塑家个人对从过去到现在,从东方到西方,从自然到社会的整个世界的看法。

  这些人物作品涵盖从古到今的、广泛的社会层面。有革命家卡尔·马克思、弗里德里希·恩格斯和毛泽东,有古代哲学家孔子和老子,也有科学家和诺贝尔奖获得者杨振宁。曾促进中国与世界交流的外国友人,如意大利传教士利玛窦和他的同胞,探险家马可波罗,也成为吴为山的雕塑对象。

  这位艺术家还通过雕塑来展现了人们日常生活中的一些感人瞬间,比如熟睡的孩童,母亲与子女间的亲密互动。

  展览中最大的展品高达7米,而最小的展品仅不足6厘米高。

  “我做雕塑已经将近40年了。在这40年里,我从一名艺术生成长为一名艺术教师、艺术研究者、国际文化交流的参与者,这40年也正是中国在改革开放的道路上不断前行的40年,” 吴为山告诉《中国日报》说。

  “我这么多年的作品表现的是中国,主要的主题是中国历史上杰出的人物,特别是一些杰出的文化人物,通过他们塑造一个民族坎坷、峥嵘的历史,因为每一个伟大的人物都是历史的坐标。”

  吴为山说,他从20世纪90年代起为中华历史上的杰出人物塑像,以表达对这些代表民族意识的人物的敬仰。

  他说,当年他发现很多年轻人对科学家、艺术家、作家和思想家知之甚少,“忘记他们就意味着,一个人不了解他的国家的历史,不了解他的国家的人民对人类社会和人类智慧曾经做过的贡献。”

  “对我而言,为这些伟大人物创作雕像就是在为他们建造历史纪念碑,让年轻人敬佩、尊重他们并以他们为榜样。”

  吴为山的作品不仅引起中国人的共鸣,也开始出现在世界各国,以便“让世界了解中国,特别是中国人的文化价值观”。

  5月2日,吴为山的《超越时空的对话》在拥有450年历史的意大利艺术研究院揭幕,这组作品以意大利文艺复兴集大成者达芬奇和中国现代艺术家齐白石为表现对象。作品被学院永久收藏,以纪念达芬奇逝世500周年。在揭幕式上,吴为山还被学院授予荣誉院士头衔。

  两天后,他的青铜浮雕《百年丰碑》亮相法国蒙塔日市的一个广场上。一个世纪前,一批参与“留法勤工俭学运动”的中国进步青年怀着振兴中华的志向,来到这里学习先进技术与思想。

  吴为山在作品中表现了一些具有代表性的人物,其中有些后来成为革命家、政治家,如周恩来、邓小平;有些则在科学、艺术、文学领域成就斐然,如现代艺术家徐悲鸿。

  吴为山在雕塑揭幕式上说:“这是一群胸怀理想、生机勃勃、立志‘改造中国与世界’的年轻人的形象。”

  美中关系全国委员会会长史蒂芬·欧伦斯最近参观了吴为山在中国国家博物馆的展览。

  欧伦斯先生表示:“吴教授的雕塑向观众展示了中国历史、哲学和中国精神的广度与深度。这些描绘孔子、孟子、老子和中国其它传奇哲学家的大型雕塑在不断提醒着观者中国悠久而多样的哲学传统。”

  欧伦斯说,他的客厅里摆放着吴为山塑造的一个孩童形象。他还补充道,本次吴为山作品展览中的高潮是“一组感人至深又令人强烈不安的描绘南京大屠杀惨状的雕塑”。

  “那些无辜受害者的表情令你久久难忘。它们和其它展品都在提醒我们,必须牢记历史,避免重蹈覆辙。”

Figuring out the human soul

By Lin Qi | China Daily
Updated: May 30, 2019
  
  Sculptures by Wu Weishan depicting the horror of the Nanjing massacre occupy the ground floor of Beijing's National Museum of China through June.[Photo provided to China Daily 

  An ongoing exhibition pays tribute to the work of eminent sculptor Wu Weishan, Lin Qi reports.

  Over the past three decades, Wu Weishan, 57, director of the National Art Museum of China and an eminent sculptor in his own right, has been profiling the soul of society by producing sculptures of people considered to be the greatest minds in Chinese history.

  He has achieved prominence for adopting an approach of "sculpting the spirit" which is grounded in Chinese aesthetics. His works, either transmitting solemn beauty or the joy of daily life, demonstrate a balance of intricacy between the subject's figurative and spiritual resemblance, awing audiences both at home and abroad.

  Wu has produced around 500 statues, some of which are installed in prominent places around the world, including museums, schools, city parks and squares. Now, visitors to the ground floor of Beijing's National Museum of China will find themselves able to embark upon an extensive journey through Wu's career and peek into the mind of the sculptor, by placing themselves among a selection of 179 sculptures from Wu's oeuvre.

  The exhibition, titled Sculpting the Souls, which runs through June, navigates a personal take on the world, from the past to the present, from East to West, and from nature to the various aspects of society.

  It features figures ranging from a wide social spectrum, from both past and present. Among them are the revolutionaries Karl Marx, Frederick Engels and Mao Zedong, while ancient philosophers, such as Confucius and Laozi, stand alongside scientist and Nobel laureate, C.N. Yang. Foreigners who have furthered China's exchanges with the world, like the Italian priest, Matteo Ricci and his famous countryman, the explorer Marco Polo, are also immortalized by Wu.

  
  
Christina Acidini (left), president of the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno (Academy of the Arts of Drawing), and Wu jointly unveil A Dialogue Across the Time.[Photo provided to China Daily
 

  The artist also depicts heartfelt moments in people's day-to-day lives through sculptures that show sleeping children and intimacy between mothers and their offspring.

  The largest piece on show rises up to 7 meters and the smallest one is no more than 6 centimeters in height.

  "I've been doing sculptures for nearly four decades. My progress from a student of art to a teacher, a sculptor, a researcher and a participant in China's cultural exchanges with the international community coincides with the advancing course of China's reform and opening-up," Wu tells China Daily.

  "Over the years, my work has been centered around China and the luminaries of Chinese history, especially the intellectuals. Every one of these great men is a landmark to the hardships and glories of a nation and, together, they have shaped history."

  Wu says he began sculpting prominent historic figures in the 1990s, out of respect for these who represent the consciousness of the nation.

  He says that, at the time, he felt that many young people knew little about the scientists, artists, writers and thinkers, and "forgetting them means that one is ignorant of his nation's history, his people's contribution to human society and men's wisdom".

  "For me, to sculpt these people is to build the monuments of history, ensuring that they are admired, valued and followed by young people."

  As Wu's work began to strike a chord with Chinese people, his sculptures also began traveling to different countries to "allow the world to understand China, especially Chinese people's cultural values", he says.

  On May 2, Wu's work A Dialogue Across the Time, which depicts Italian Renaissance polymath, Leonardo da Vinci, and modern Chinese artist, Qi Baishi, was unveiled at the 450-year-old Accademia delle Arti del Disegno (Academy of the Arts of Drawing) in Florence. The work was added to the academy's permanent collection in remembrance of the 500th anniversary of da Vinci's death. It also marked a ceremony at which Wu was enrolled as an honorary member of the academy.

    

  Statues of Karl Max and Frederick Engels on show at Wu's exhibition.[Photo by Jiang Dong/China Daily

 

  Two days later, his bronze relief titled Centennial Monument was unveiled at a square in the French commune of Montargis where, a century ago, dozens of Chinese youths arrived as part of a work-study program to live and learn techniques and advanced thoughts to empower their home country.

  Wu's work portrays several representatives of the group: some later became revolutionaries and politicians, such as Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping; some became achievers in science, the arts or literature, such as modern artist, Xu Beihong.

  "This shows a group of young people who are ambitious and vigorous and aspire to reform China and the world," Wu said at the relief's unveiling ceremony.

  Stephen A. Orlins, president of the National Committee on United States-China Relations, recently visited Wu's exhibition at the National Museum.

  "Professor Wu's sculptures convey the breadth and depth of China's history, philosophy and the Chinese spirit to the visitor," Orlins says. "The larger-than-life depictions of Confucius, Mencius, Laozi, and many other legendary Chinese philosophers remind the observer of China's lengthy and diverse philosophical traditions."

  Orlins says he has a Wu sculpture of a child in his living room. He adds that the climax of Wu's exhibition is "the moving and deeply disturbing sculptures depicting the human horror" of the Nanjing massacre.

  "You see it on the sculpted faces of the victims. They, along with the rest of the exhibits, remind us that we must remember history to avoid repeating it."



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